Chủ Nhật, 13 tháng 10, 2013

Brown Recluse Spider Bite – Stages, Pictures, Symptoms, Treatment

Brown Recluse Spider Bite – Stages, Pictures, Symptoms, Treatment

Brown Recluse Spider Bite – Stages


In very bad cases, these same agents of inflammation can also cause injury. It is these secondary causes of the venom, which are rare, may cause more substantial side effects of the bite:



  • Red blood cell destruction

  • Platelet count which is low

  • Clots of blood in the capillaries but loss of ability to develop clots where needed

  • Kidney damage

  • Coma

  • Death


Brown Recluse Spider Bite Symptoms


The brown recluse bite usually goes unnoticed in the beginning due to the fact that bites are painless. In some case there is certain minor burning with the feeling of the sting of the bee that could be observed at the stage of the bite. The symptoms normally develop 2 to 8 hours after the initial bite. Please remember that majority of bites create very little tissue damage.


Victims may have these symptoms:

  • Pain at the site of the bite which is severe and develops after approximately 4 hours

  • Itching which is severe

  • Vomiting

  • Nausea

  • Fever

  • Muscle pain


At first, the site of the bite is a little red and when examined closely it may show fang marks. More common, the site of the bite can become fixed and heal with very little scarring finishing healing in days or weeks. But in those occasional cases, the local reaction will be much starker with swelling as well as blistering often leading to a blue color, and then leading to scarring and necrotic lesion. Signs which can be present are:



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  • Commonly blistering

  • Necrosis or death of the skin and less common the subcutaneous fat

  • Destructive and severe lesions with in rare cases deep and wide borders


If you believe that you or someone in your household has been bitten by this type of spider, the individual needs to be seen by a medical professional that day. If at all possible, bring the spider to the doctor’s office as identification of this spider will be helpful in making the diagnosis correctly.


If the individual is unable to see their primary care physician that day, the individual should see medical professionals at an emergency room.


Brown Recluse Spider Bite Treatment


The physician will try to first make the correct diagnosis. The doctor will ask questions about the bite event, time of the bite, any other medical problems, medication as well as allergies


Lab studies will be performed including complete blood work up, electrolytes, kidney functions, blood clotting studies and urinalysis.


After the initial evaluation, the medical professional may provide treatment as follows:



  • Tetanus shot

  • Pain medication

  • Antibiotics if any signs of infection are present in the wound area

  • Anti-histamines such as Benadryl for relief of itching


There is no anti-venom available in the US to counteract the brown recluse spider bite. There are some controversial therapies such as steroids and the drug dapsone. But these are reserved for individuals with very severe systemic disease such as anemia, blood clotting problems and kidney failure. These therapies have proven to have little benefits.


The individual will need to have a follow up visit with the physician due to the wounds needing to be checked daily for at least 3 to 4 days. After the initial exam by the physician, the individual can expect the following type of follow-up:



  • Daily follow up of the wounds for the initial 96 hours in order to assess the probability or extent of necrosis of the wound

  • For individuals with systemic disease, hospitalization may be necessary

  • Antibiotes will be continued until any secondary infections clear

  • Follow up with surgeon if there is necrosis of the wound. At these times the surgeon can remove very carefully any dead tissue in necrotic areas









Brown Recluse Spider Bite Pictures


Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown Recluse Spider Bite


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