Chủ Nhật, 13 tháng 10, 2013

White Spots on Skin – Pictures, Causes and Treatment

White Spots on Skin – Pictures, Causes and Treatment

What are White spots which appear on the skin?


Human skin is very disposed to a assortment of conditions, with white spots being only one of many. In the majority of the cases the problem of white spots is due to the loss in the skin of pigmentation. There are numerous conditions of the skin or disorders of pigmentation which can cause these white skin spots. The majority of individuals normally get these white spots on the skin anyplace on the body, but typically on the upper back, shoulders, neck, shins, and upper forearms. Most kinds of spots that are white normally do not cause irritation, itching or hurting but still, they can be very noticeable on tanned or dark skin so most individuals find them distressing. These spots of white affect millions of people of every race as well as both sexes.








White Spots on Skin – Causes


Tinea Versicolor
This is a very common non-cancerous or benign skin problem which is triggered by a form of yeast, identified as Malassezia. This condition is also known as pityriasis versicolor. When an area of the skin turns out to be oily, moist and warm, this yeast can overgrow the normal flora of the skin and cause white spots on the skin. They may also be reddish-brown in color. These spots occur on the abdomen, upper arms, neck as well as thighs. This infection is not contagious.


Several of these conditions which make spots on the skin which are white and due to tinea versicolor are warm and humid weather, oily skin, excessive sweating, malnourishment, medications such as corticosteroids, or whatever causes the immune system to weaken as well as pregnancy.


Vitiligo
This is a common condition of the skin which affects about 1% to 2% of individuals around the globe. It normally consists of white patches of spots on the skin. It is instigated since vitiligo terminates the cells which create the pigment of the skin. It most often occurs in individual with certain types of autoimmune syndromes such as pernicious anemia, hyperthyroidism, as well as adrenocortical insufficiency, alopecia aerate. Stress which distresses the immune system can also cause vitiligo. This condition often runs in families so there is possibly a hereditary facet to it.
Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis
This condition causes white flat spots on the skin which usually measure about 2-5 mm in diameter. The cause of this condition is unknown. It usually occurs in fair-skinned individuals but it can occasionally arise in darker skin also. It appears on the areas of the forearms which have lots of exposure to the sun and as well as the shins. It also appears on the neck, shoulders and face. These spots seem to be linked with the natural aging process. They are usually smooth, but often can also be scaly. This condition seems to be linked with the normal aging process, occurring in individuals over the age of 40. They seem to occur in women more than men. It is also believed that heredity can be involved, since this skin problems does seem to run in families.



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White Spots on Skin – Treatment


Tinea Versicolor
The skin problem can be treated with anti-fungal medicines like miconazole, terbinafine as well as clotrimazole, all of which can be bought over the counter. It can also be treated with a shampoo that is also available over the counter. This shampoo contains selenium sulfide. It is applied like a lotion on the areas which are affected before bedtime and can be rinsed off in the morning upon waking up. If this condition lasts for more than 2 weeks of being treated daily, it is best for the individual to meet with a dermatologist.


Vitiligo
There are many ways of treating vitiligo for example, photo therapy, steroid creams, psoralen photochemotherapy, and skin grafting in the early stages, depigmentation treatment, immunodulator creams with UVB Narrowband treatments, laser treatments and many others.


Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis
In the majority of cases, treatment is not necessary as the marks are totally harmless. Sometime attempts to destroy the lesions can leave brown marks or white marks which are larger, which can look worse than the condition when it is left alone. Sun protection is important. The following measures can improve the appearance:



  • Light Cryotherapy

  • Pinch grafts or normally pigmented skin

  • Localized superficial dermabrasion or microdermabrasion

  • Tretinoin cream

  • Cosmetic over-up

  • Topical steroids









White Spots on Skin Pictures


white spots on skin
white spots on skin near eye




White spots on skin near eye



neck region



white spots on skin - hands
white spots on skin - shoulders




white spots on skin - hands

on hands


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