Chủ Nhật, 12 tháng 1, 2014

Diaper Rash

Diaper Rash Diaper rash is the skin inflammation that occurs in infants marked by skin irritation. The main cause for diaper rash is moisture caused by urine and fecal particles. It can be the outcome of bacterial or fungal infection. At some point of time in life every infant will get diaper rash. It is the common inflammation or dermatitis that causes reddening of skin with irritation. Sometimes diaper rash can be caused when the breastfeeding mothers take antibiotics or when solid foods are included in the baby’s diet.

Causes :

Some of the major causes of diaper rash is given below :-

Frequent Wetting :

The baby is prone to retain urine and feces in the diaper for long time causing irritation on the skin. When the skin is in touch with excess of moisture for long duration it would cause inflammation of the skin known as diaper rash. Prolonged exposure of the baby’s skin to urine and feces will cause irritation. The symptoms will worsen if the baby gets frequent bowel movements and the fecal particles cause more irritation than urine.

Bottle Feeding :

It is true that breastfed babies will get few diaper rashes when compared with bottle fed babies. The mother’s milk will produce only small volume of stools and cause no irritation to the skin.

New Solid Foods :

When the baby is introduced with solid foods it will automatically change the content of stools. Hence any change in baby’s diet will increase the number of stools causing diaper rash.

Plastic and Tight Fitting Diapers :

Diaper that are tight fitting will cause consistent friction and rubbing on the skin. Plastic diapers will not absorb moisture like that of cotton ones causing more irritation.

Underlying Medical Issues :

If the baby is already having skin problems like eczema or dermatitis he is more likely to develop diaper rash.

New Product :

Using new brand of diapers, using new fabric or detergent that contains harsh chemicals can irritate the delicate skin of your baby. Even poor quality baby powder and lotions can cause this problem leading to diaper rash.

Antibiotics :

When the mother takes antibiotics for some reason it will disturb the balance of yeast and bacteria causing skin irritation.

Bacterial Infection :

Since the diaper area is always wet, it gives room for bacteria and other microorganisms to thrive well. It can cause skin rashes which occur on the skin folds with red spots. Apart from the buttocks region it will also spread on the baby’s genitals and thigh region causing more irritation. In severe cases, pus filled blisters and red bumps are found on the baby’s skin.

Symptoms :

Reddening of the skin and tiny bumps are the major signs of diaper rash found in buttocks, thighs and genitals. The affected skin will be tender and the folds of the skin are not affected. Frequent crying of the baby, intense crying while changing the diapers and red puffy skin are the symptoms of diaper rash. Very often, diaper rashes are seen on infants 1-2 years.

Tests :

Diaper rash can be identified easily by the above symptoms. No tests are required separately.

Treatment :

Before visiting your doctor you can apply mild hydrocortisone cream on the affected skin. Keep the diaper area clean and moisture-free so that your baby gets less chance for developing rashes.

In case of bacterial or fungal infection, your doctor may prescribe antifungal ointment. For severe cases with itchy bumps oral antibiotics along with topical creams are effective. Remember that diaper rash will not get settled within a day or two, since it may take more time to resolve. It can recur on the same place if the skin is kept moist for long time.

Home Remedies :

Over the counter diaper rash creams like balmex or desitin can be applied over the affected area. Zinc oxide paste is also effective in clearing the rashes. You need to apply the cream liberally on the area throughout the day for soothing effect on the skin.

When the baby is having rash, allow free air to circulate on his bottom area. Let your baby remain without diaper for one or two days or until the irritation caused by rash completely cures. Do not apply tight fitting diapers and use only cotton branded products. Using large sized diapers can help the child to avoid irritation.

Pictures of Diaper Rash :

Images, Pics, Pictures and Photos of Diaper Rash

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Prevention :

You can prevent diaper rash by simply washing the baby’s bottom with clean water and allowing it to dry without scrubbing. Change diapers frequently and do not leave them with solid stools for long time. Never use diapers that are scented or contain alcohol since it can worsen the symptoms.

The best way to prevent diaper rash is leaving the child without a diaper more time. Wash your hands thoroughly after changing diapers since bacteria can spread through your hands also. If your baby gets diaper rashes frequently then continue using the ointment while changing every time. You can use zinc oxide liberally on the skin to prevent getting rash again.

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